The love of books, the need for glasses and high intelligence are traits found among the top earners in many fields across the country, and now, a Ball State University researcher suggests that teen acne may also be on this list.
In his study, “Do Pimples Pay? Acne, Human Capital, and the Labor Market Abstract,” Erik Nesson, a Ball State economics professor, found that having acne is positively associated with overall grade point average in high school, grades in high-school English, history, math and science, and the completion of a college degree.
The study also found evidence that acne is associated with higher personal labor market earnings for women, said Nesson, who conducted the study with Hugo M. Mialon, an economics professor at Emory University. Their work is forthcoming in the Journal of Human Capital.
“Acne has been the scourge of teenage boys and girls as long as there have been teenagers,” Nesson says in a news release. “Our study finds evidence for the theory that having acne leads teens to be less social and to focus more on studying or brainwork, which may increase their educational attainment.
“Specifically, we find that having acne is associated with feeling less socially accepted and is associated with participating less in sports clubs and more in non-sports clubs, suggesting a possible shift from physical to intellectual pursuits.”
Acne is also strongly associated with depression and suicidal ideation among teenagers, but Nesson said some teenagers could be comforted if they knew the association between having acne and educational attainment and getting better jobs. While acne in adolescence is likely to subside, the benefits of higher educational attainment persist.
The researchers used data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health to analyze the effects of acne on educational outcomes and labor market earnings. In the sample, nearly 50 percent of high school students reported having pimples occasionally, often, or every day.
Students reporting skin problems:
- have lower levels of self-esteem and social acceptance
- are less likely to be in sports clubs but more likely to be in non-sports clubs
- earn higher grades in classes (about 2 percentage points more likely to receive an A) and an overall higher GPA (about a 0.10-point boost in GPA)
- are more likely to complete at least some college and more likely to complete college