New Analysis Ranks Tremfya Highest Among PsA Treatments for Skin Clearance

New Analysis Ranks Tremfya Highest Among PsA Treatments for Skin Clearance image

Tremfya® (guselkumab) ranks highest for skin clearance, based on Psoriasis (PsO) Area Severity Index (PASI) 90 response, among 23 psoriatic arthritis (PsA) treatment regimens, results of a newly reported Network Meta-Analysis (NMA) show. In terms of joint inflammation improvement, both Tremfya dosing regimens (100mg every four weeks and every eight weeks) were comparable to most other treatments for the modified van der Heijde-Sharp (vdH-S) score, and Tremfya was generally comparable to TNFi and most IL-17Ai for American College of Rheumatology (ACR) 20 response.

The analysis also confirmed the established safety profile of Tremfya in active PsA. The analysis, presented at the Maui Dermatology 2022 Meeting and reported by Janssen, includes all advanced therapies approved for active PsA (15 unique treatments including IL-23 inhibitors like Tremfya and risankizumab, subcutaneous [SC] tumor necrosis factor inhibitors [TNFi], and Janus kinase inhibitors [JAKi]), using data from 33 Phase 3 randomized clinical trials.

"This comprehensive analytical approach helps to provide a useful comparative picture of available psoriatic arthritis medicines," says Philip J. Mease, MD, Swedish Medical Center/Providence St. Joseph Health and University of Washington in Seattle. "In my experience, thorough NMAs such as this one can help equip physicians to discuss treatment choices and therapeutic outcomes with their patients in daily practice."  

NMA is a structured, protocol-driven analytical process widely accepted and utilized by regulatory agencies, health technology assessment agencies, and medical guideline committees to comparatively evaluate treatment options where head-to-head data are limited or unavailable.  It is the most cited and the most comprehensive method available to compare studies indirectly; however, NMAs cannot replace and should not be considered the same as head-to-head clinical trials. In this NMA, the timing of primary endpoint assessment varied across RCTs, and placebo was used as the reference treatment throughout with the exception of two head-to-head studies. Baseline risk adjustment was used to account for heterogeneity across study populations. The NMA builds on previous analyses, including a 2021 publication in Rheumatology, and now incorporates all recent clinical data updates, including the COSMOS study of Tremfya in PsA patients who had an inadequate response to TNFi, as well as data for two new comparators, the IL-23i risankizumab and the JAKi upadacitinib.

"Psoriatic arthritis is a complex disease, and physicians must consider many factors when making treatment decisions, including the relative efficacy of therapies in treating both skin and joints, as well as established safety," says Terence Rooney, MD, Vice President, Rheumatology and Maternal-Fetal Immunology Disease Area Leader, Janssen Research & Development, LLC. "NMAs are a comprehensive, well-established approach, and can provide physicians with useful information on available therapies."

Tremfya was approved in the US for the treatment of adult patients with moderate to severe plaque PsO in July 2017 and in July 2020 for adults with active PsA. The PsA approval was based on results from DISCOVER-1 and DISCOVER-2, which showed Tremfya achieved the studies' primary endpoint of ACR20 response at 24 weeks.  

Janssen will present five additional posters at the Maui Dermatology Meeting, including the study design of APEX(NCT04882098), investigating the effect of Tremfya on radiographic progression; the design of the SOLSTICE trial (NCT04936308), which further evaluates Tremfya efficacy for PsA patients with intolerance or inadequate response to TNF therapy; evidence of molecular and genetic distinctions between patients with axial PsA (axPsA) and ankylosing spondylitis and the significant pharmacodynamic effects of Tremfya in axPsA patients; and real-world evidence for PsA patients initiating Tremfya treatment in the CorEvitas Psoriatic Arthritis/Spondyloarthritis (PsA/SpA) Registry.

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